My creative process My creative process is based on observation, contemplation. The art works are conceived following Nature’s Forms and Wisdom. I believe, I shall produce items that pertain to our remote ancestors. Articles once manufactured by ancient nomads. Simultaneously Fine and Rustical, fulfilling in nowadays individuals their longing for primordial objects. Since 2002 I’ve been visiting Brazilian savannah highlands, the natural habitat of what is locally known as Capim Dourado (golden rushes). The Jalapão region is a silent dessert crossed by a net of rivers, home to rare fauna and flora. In September, the pickers walk great distances collecting the precious plant in this heavenly environment. The seeds are left behind to guarantee next year’s harvest. After cleaning the fine rushes, skilled craftsmen execute exclusive design and the delicate golden sticks are transformed into exquisite works of art. Wagner Hermusche Emporium Hermusche 413 Norte Bl D Loja 15 Brasília www.hermusche. com / www.jallapa.com
September 7, 1822 Dom Pedro proclaimed Brazil’s independence and was crowned emperor. Brazil became the first monarchy in the Americas. Before and after independence By the second half of the 18th century, the liberal ideas popular in Europe began to enter Brazil’s consciousness. In 1789, the country experienced its first independence movement, centered in the gold rush boom town of Ouro Prêto. The catalyst was a decision of Portugal to increase the tax on gold. But he Inconfidência Mineira, as it was called, ended badly, with the arrest of its leaders. One of these, Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, a dentist better known as Tiradentes, or tooth-puller, was hanged and quartered. Other movements would probably have followed but for developments in Europe. In 1807, Napoleon conquered Portugal, forcing the Portuguese royal family into exile. King João VI fled to Brazil, making the colony the seat of government for the mother country, the only instance of such a turnaround during the colonial period. Brazil’s changed status led to the crown opening up commerce with other nations, in particular England, Portugal’s ally against Napoleon. When King João at last returned to Portugal in 1821, he named his son, Dom Pedro, as regent, making him the head of government for Brazil. The Portuguese parliament, however, refused to recognize Brazil’s new situation and attempted to force a return to the days of colonial dependence. Realizing
Already in 1823, the Brazilian statesman José Bonifácio outlined a plan to transfer Brazil’s capital from Rio de Janeiro to the Central Region. His idea to develope this part of the country by exploring its natural ressources was considered absurd and simply rejected. Only by August 30, 1883, when Dom Bosco, a Salesian priest in Turin / Italy, had the dream of a new civilization arising in Central Brazil, the idea of transfering the capital was reborn. Dom Bosco’s prophecy defined exactly the location, being between the 15th and 20th latitude, and described the region as a land of honey and milk. Now, the signs were taken more seriously and as a consequence, in 1891, it was finally decided and incorporated in the Constitution that a new capital should be built up in the region that Dom Bosco had dreamt of. It took another 55 years till the plans for a new capital started to be realized, when president Juscelino Kubitschek took the decision to separate the foreseen area from the State of Goiás, creating the State of Distrito Federal and the new capital Brasília. Dom Bosco – as well as Juscelino Kubitschek – can be judged as visionaries, founders or city-fathers of Brasília, which can be deducted from the denomination of numerous monuments / institutions / locations named after them, like: Colégio Dom Bosco, Santuario Dom Bosco, Ermida Dom Bosco,
„Festas Juninas, Julinas, Agostinas……..“ – from May until July „Festas Juninas“ are folk ceremonies mainly held by the rural population (“caipiras”) in the interior of Northeastern Brazil during the month of June, in reverence of the three saints Santo Antonio, São João and São Pedro. The roots of the commemorative days are European, from the colonial times, and were known as “Festa Joanina”. Brought to Brazil by the Portuguese, the event was renamed to “Festa Junina” and incorporated typical Brazilian customs with regard to music, dances, food and beverages. Beside carneval the “Festas Juninas” are the second most popular events in Brazil. The biggest festivals – attracting millions of visitors – take place in Caruaru (Pernambuco), Campina Grande (Paraíba) and Fortaleza (Ceará). The cycle of „Festas Juninas“ officially starts on 12th of June – the night before Santo Antonio – as the Brazilian „Valentines Day“ („Dia dos Namorados“). Santo Antonio is known as the saint of the single girls finding a husband, – but also the saint of refinding lost objects. The night before São João (23rd / 24th of June) fire-places („fogueira“) and mystical ceremonies are meant to banish bad spirits – noisy pumps should frighten them and twigs of rosemary and tresses of garlic should avoid the malicious eye. São João apparently protects from the bad and protects friendship. The 29th of June, the last day of the
“Noite Cultural”, Thursday April 25 at 7 p.m. in 312 Norte This time, the Orchestra Sinfonica do Teatro Nacional Claudio Santoro – OSTNCS – directed by Claúdio Cohen, together with Ed Motta will present: Ney Rosauro – 3 Episodios para Orquestra The program starts with a “Sarau Poético” at 7 p.m. Luis Amorim is the owner of the “cultural butchery” of Brasilia T-Bone, and organizing those cultural events twice a year. For that purpose, the complete quadra will be closed and turns an open-air-platform where thousands of fans come to attend the shows, which became famous over the last years and a characteristic of Brasília. Read more about Luis Amorim and his life story and click here. Come and enjoy – this event is a cultural MUST in Brasília!
Each year, on April 19, Brazil commemorates the Dia do Índio which was established by law in 1943 under president Getúlio Vargas. To better understand the meaning of that day, we have to go back to the year 1940, when the first Interamerican Indigenous Congress took place in Mexico. Not only leaders from the Americas were invited to participate in the conferences and decision making processes, but also several heads of indigenous tribes. However, those did not appear during the first days, either concerned or frightened. This was in a way understandable, as the indios had been persecuted and diminished by white men for so many centuries. Nevertheless after some days, few of their leaders started to get engaged in the meetings, as they recognized and realized that they are witnessing a historic moment. This occured on April 19, date which laterwards became the Dia do Índio on the American continent. The Dia do Índio is celebrated in various manners: – in schools, students are investigating on the indigenous culture – museums offer thematic expositions – communities organize festivals Commemorating that day should also remind us of the importance of preserving indigenous tribes, maintaining their lands and respecting their culture. We also should recall repeatedly, that indios already inhabitated Brazil when the Portuguese colonization started in 1500. Since then, lack of respect and diminuation of the indigenous population could be
This monument in the shape of a pyramid (without spire, typical for the architecture of the Aztecs) is another famous work made of glass and concrete designed by Oscar Niemeyer. The white geometrical figures on the outside walls were designed by Athos Bulcão and represent his most monumental work. In the entrance hall, there is a green area, projected by Burle Marx, also showing two sculptures of Brazilian artists: In the interior, the theater disposes of 3 halls, part of them being located under-ground: – Martins Penna with 437 seats – Vila Lobos with 1307 seats and – Alberto Nepomuk with 95 seats The denomination of the theater is in honour of Cláudio Franco de Sá Santoro (1919 – 1989), who was a Brazilian composer. Santoro studied in Rio de Janeiro and in Paris with Nadia Boulanger. From 1939 on, he was a professor at the conservatory of Rio de Janeiro, teaching composition. The theater was inaugurated on March 6, 1979, and became the base of the Orquestra Sinfônica do Teatro Nacional Claudio Santoro (OSTNCS). The orchestra was founded by Cláudio Santoro himself in March 1979 and is one of the most important ones in Brazil. Since then, the OSTNCS gave thousands of concerts, also abroad, accompanying famous national and international soloists, and recording repertoires of Brazilian music like „Sinfonias dos 500 anos“ and „Classicos do Samba“
Great national artist Luiz Gonzaga do Nascimento was born in Exu, State of Pernambuco on December 13, 1912 and became a very prominent Brazilian folk singer, songwriter, musician and poet. Born in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil, he is considered to be responsible for the promotion of northeastern music throughout the rest of the country. He is also known as the “king of baião” and “Gonzagão”. The son of a peasant and accordion player, Gonzaga was attracted to the 8-bass accordion at a very early age, but at that time he used to accompany his father by playing the zabumba (type of bass drum) and singing at parties and religious celebrations. He left home in 1930 to join the army, and toured Brazil with an army band until 1939. Gonzaga decided to remain in Rio de Janeiro with a recently purchased accordion. He used to perform in the streets and in bars, playing boleros, waltzes and tangos. After noticing that the northeastern immigrants missed the music from their hometowns, he started to give listeners the sort of music they craved to hear: xaxados, baiões, chamegos and cocos. The baião is a Northeast Brazilian rhythmic formula that became the basis of a wide range of music. Forró, côco, and embolada are clear examples. The main baião instrument is the zabumba, a flat, double-headed bass drum played with a mallet in one hand and stick in the other, each striking the
The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge – or shortly “Ponte JK” – was inaugurated on December 15, 2002. It became Brasilia’s third bridge connecting the Lago Sul area with the “Plano Piloto”, thus reducing the distance of that housing area with the business and commercial area significantly. The bridge also helped to develop the Lago Sul region in terms of real estate property from former height QL 26 to today’s QL 29 and the total region around the Botanical Garden, with the impact of exploding prices for land and housing. The bridge has a total length of 1,220 m and 24 m of width, sustained by three arches based upon 48 steel cables. With its three traffic lanes in each direction, nowadays it already gets to its limits during rush hours, facing the growing traffic volume caused by continous construction activities (condominios) and increasing number of cars per capita. The design by architect Alexandre Chan was awarded the Gustav Lindenthal prize as the “most beautiful bridge in the world in 2002”, chosen by the Engineering Society of the State of Pennsylvania, United States, in 2003. Happy Birthday Ponte JK!
Entre os dias 4 e 7 de outubro, se realiza na ExpoBrasilia, no Pavilhão do Parque da Cidade, Brasília, a 3º edição da Entre as atrações do evento, que oferece palestras e oficinas, no dia 06, as 19h30, acontece o Brasília Fashion Flores, um desfile de moda com roupas customizadas, organizado pela Central Flores e pela ABAF – Academia Brasileira de Artistas Florais. Quem está responsável pela customização dos vestidos com belíssimas flores são Carlos Weiss e Robson Viana. São dez looks inspirados em vestidos clássicos da moda, feitos com flores produzidas em Brasília. O evento engloba toda a cadeia produtiva do setor, como lojistas, fornecedores, empresas de cerimoniais, paisagistas, arquitetos, atacadistas, especialistas em decoração e estudantes. “Os resultados positivos das duas primeiras edições impulsionaram ainda mais o segmento. Em sua segunda edição, o evento atraiu 30 mil pessoas e movimentou R$1,5 milhão de reais em negócios. Esse ano, são mais de 200 estandes de exposição e comercialização de produtos gerando uma projeção de R$ 3 milhões de reais em negócios a serem realizados”, afirma o organizador do evento, Fernando Miranda. A comunidade internacional de Brasília foi convidada pela Secretaria de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural e EMATER para uma visita guiada e uma Oficina de Arte Floral. Carlos Weiss de Weiss Blumenn, Santa Cruz do Sol / Rio Grande do Sul, e presidente da ABAF – Academia Brasileira de Artistas